The Society of the Cincinnati in the State of Connecticut

The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776-1828. Left: Jonathan Trumbull Jr. (1740-1809) - Speaker of the Us House of Representatives. Right: Jonathan Trumbull Sr. (1710-1785) - Governor of Connecticut
The Battle of Bunker's Hill, June 17, 1775. Right: William Hull (1753-1825) - Lieutenant-Colonel in the Continental Army
The Resignation of General Washington, December 23, 1783. Left: Thomas Y. Seymour (1757-1811) - Lieutenant in the 2nd Continental Regiment of the Dragoons
The Death of General Mercer at the Battle of Princeton, January 1777

Capt Amos Stanton 1750-1781

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Biography of Captain Amos Stanton April 15, 2012 by Thomas D. Hewitt, II

Birth: 29th November, 1750, Ledyard (New London) CT; A Record of Genealogical, Biographical, Statistical of Thomas Stanton, of Connecticut and His Descendants 1635-1891; William A. Stanton; Albany, N.Y. Joel Munsell’s Sons 1891; p. 170

Death: 6th September 1781, Fort Griswold, New London CT; (Stanton op. cit. p. 170)

Marriage: Thankful Billings Stanton; Battle of Groton Heights; William H. Harris, New London CT; Charles Allyn 1882; p.136

Children: 7; (Harris op.cit.p.136)

Education: Unknown

Military: 1st Lieutenant of Sherburne’s Additional Continental Regiment, 1st January, 1777; Captain, 9th November, 1777; resigned 28th April, 1780; Captain, Connecticut Militia Regiment in 1781; killed at Groton Heights, 6th September, 1781. Francis B. Heitman: “Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution,” 1914; p. 514

Cincinnati: Died in service prior to the formation of the Society of the Cincinnati

Occupation: Unknown

Discussion: – The Massacre at Fort Griswold: Early in September, 1781, the British General Clinton, sent Benedict Arnold, upon an expedition along the Connecticut coast. On September 6th, after capturing and burning New London, Arnold crossed the Thames River to seize Fort Griswold at Groton. It was defended by 150 men under Colonel Ledyard. About 150 of the defenders were farmers and artisans who had come from the surrounding districts with what arms they could lay hands on to assist the garrison of 50 men. Arnold sent a flag of truce and called upon Colonel Ledyard to surrender. Colonel Ledyard sent Captains Elijah Avery, Amos Stanton and John Williams, three brave volunteers, to meet the flag and refuse to surrender. The British issued the ultimatum that refusal would be met by the terms of martial law wherein all survivors of the battle would be put to death by musket fire or the bayonet. No one among the heroes that fell at Groton Heights, in military experience and ability, surpassed Captain Amos Stanton. He was in actual service in the cause of the Colonies almost from the commencement of hostilities and was an accomplished soldier. He was distinguished not only as a military man but as a patriot and devoted to the interests of his country. At the time of the battle and massacre at Fort Griswold, he held the rank of captain in the Continental Army and was home on furlough. Hearing the alarm guns on the morning of the battle, he hastened to the Fort and was warmly welcomed by Ledyard and his brave compatriots. During the councils of war held by officers of the Fort on the morning of 6th September, he favored a different line of defence than the one adopted by his brother officers. His plan was to meet and skirmish with the British troops as soon after their landing would bring them into the woodland near the shore. By manoeuvring his men, he would make his force appear far more formidable than it really was, and by skirmishing with the enemy and holding them in check he would be joined by all of the volunteers who were constantly arriving, some of whom refused to enter the Fort, where, in case of defeat, there was no escape. But his opinions were overruled. Upon the British attack and knowing the fate of the garrison if defeated, he rushed among the enemy and sold his life at a fearful cost, and finally sank to the earth after being shot multiple times, but not before clearing many of the British from the parapets. He was survived by his spouse, Thankful Stanton, and 7 small children all under the age of 12 years.